The Maturité suisse examination is taken at the end of Secondary education after 13 years of schooling and provides access to university and other higher education. Those taking the Maturité suisse sit Part One exams at the end of Year 12. These exams include Science (Biology, Chemistry and Physics), Humanities (Geography, History and Economics) and Visual arts. At the end of Year 13, Swiss national students sit Part Two exams which include French, a second Swiss national language language (Italian or German), English or a third language, Mathematics, a specific option (Visual arts, Economics and Law, Biology and Chemistry....) and a complimentary option (Economics, Geography, Mathematics, Physics...). Candidates also have to undergo a viva exam for their Maturité extended essay. This extended essay concerns a topic chosen by the student.